Krishnamacharya's original Ashtanga.

Pattabhi Jois talked in interviews, as well as when writing in Yoga Mala, that if we had less time we should practice less asana. In my own practice time is an issue. I prefer to breathe more slowly in the asana and vinyasas, lengthening my inhalation and exhalation, "slow like the pouring of oil" as Krishnamacharya puts it in Yoga Makaranda. I like to explore kumbhaka and the occasional extended stay, in Mudras especially. I also prefer to practice, much of the time, with my eyes closed, employing internal drishti at different vital focal points and I like to introduce vinyasas, extra preparatory asana on days when they feel appropriate as well as perhaps extending an asana into more challenging, 'proficient' forms on the more flexible days, in keeping perhaps with the idea of groups of asana rather than fixed sequences. I like to practice Pranayama before and after my asana practice as well as finishing my practice with a 'meditative activity'. I was first introduced to Yoga through the Ashtanga sequences and I still maintain that general structure in my main practice but I would rather sacrifice half or more than half a sequence than these other factors and perhaps practice the asana ‘missed’ in the following days, I still consider this to be Ashtanga, the 'original' Ashtanga of Krishnamacharya.

"When once a fair proficiency has been attained in asana and pranayama, the aspirant to dhyana has to regulate the time to be spent on each and choose the particular asanas and pranayama which will have the most effect in strengthening the higher organs and centres of perception and thus aid him in attaining dhyana". Krishnamacharya - Dhyana or meditation Yoga Makaranda part II

Saturday, 1 November 2014

What constitutes 'proficiency for Krishnamacharya? and thus qualification to begin pranayama and later dhyana ('meditation').

In Ashtanga Vinyasa and other styles of yoga practice that derive from it we so often seem to become stuck in the mindset that proficiency is all about the next asana and the next, the next series and then the next or perhaps ever more enlightened alignment.

Proficiency for Krishnamacharya seems to be more about being able to remain in an asana for an appreciable amount of time without discomfort and to include the appropriate (for the asana) employment of bandhas and Kumbhaka (breath retention).

Once we can remain in one of the seated asana (not necessarily full padmasana) for perhaps ten, twenty minutes, or more (for Krishnamacharya, after practicing around two months),  we should be encouraged (depending on our health and fitness) to practice more formal pranayama, gradually introducing the different kumbhakas and their length.

Once some proficiency has been gained here Dhayana (meditation) is encouraged.

Is there perhaps the idea, that we in the west, despite our traditions of contemplation and prayer that stretch back two thousand years if not longer,  we can't be expected to understand or appreciate the subtleties of meditation. It is the worst kind of nonsense, and snobbery and nothing new, thankfully the Zen and Vipassana communities (to name two) in the west survived it and continue to thrive.

But even Krishnamacharya himself in attempting to keep classes interesting would introduce ever more asana or variations. That continues today, the next asana dangled in front of our noses like a carrot on a stick, it keeps us coming back perhaps but It can also be a distraction and for those who may never attain marichiyasana D for example or 'progress' past navasana or Primary series a source of despair.

Note: Krishnamacharya introduced variations to access all areas of the body, this is asana for health, an ongoing practice, we don't need to learn all these asana before beginning our practice of pranayama and dhyana. The story goes that when Ramaswami began teaching at a dance school, the flexible students went through the asana he had been taught by Krishnamacharya as sufficient for him quite quickly, he had to keep going back to ask Krishnamacharya to be shown more and more asana to give to the students.

"All asanas are not necessary for a routine practice for everyone. Age, ailments, peculiarities and individual constitutions are to be considered to find out which asanas are to be practised and which should be avoided". p76

"We have already mentioned that all asanas are not necessary for each individual. But a few of us at least should learn all the asanas so that the art of Yoga may not be forgotten and lost". p76

And yet all that Patanjali's Yoga has to offer us is surely within anyone's capabilities, a handful of regular asana (and/or their variations) is more than enough, practice them well, attain some comfort in them, work with the breath, introduce a pranayama practice, follow the breath and then practice dayana, focus.

For 1% theory, 99% practice, this surely is the tradition.

What constitutes 'proficiency for Krishnamacharya?

In the previous post I quoted this from Krishnamachaya's Yoga Makaranda part II on when to begin dhyana ('meditation')...

“When once a fair proficiency has been attained in asana and pranayama, the aspirant to dhyana has to regulate the time to be spent on each and choose the particular asanas and pranayama which will have the most effect in strengthening the higher organs and centres of perception and thus aid him in attaining dhyana.

The question arise...

What constitutes 'a fair proficiency'.

Krishnamacharya mentions proficiency several times in Yoga Makaranda Part II, it doesn't seem to suggest being able to practice Intermediate or Advanced asana but rather being able to practice a few important asana with some facility.

This is perhaps his clearest indication...

“The practice of pranayama should not be begun without having attained, a fair proficiency in some, at least of the sitting asanas, i.e., till it has become possible to sit in one of the asanas without discomfort for some appreciable time".

This does not suggest to me the necessity of being able to sit for three hours; ten, twenty, forty minutes is perhaps sufficient.

Zazen, for example, tends to be conducted in periods of forty minutes with walking periods in between to stretch the legs.

Krishnamacharya suggests a couple of months practicing asana

“Practice of PRANAYAMA is to be begun only after two months, by which time we may expect sufficient proficiency to have been reached in doing the asanas”. p137


“Some people can get proficient in some yoganga asanas very quickly.  For others it may take longer.  One need not get discouraged.”

However aspects of pranayama can be introduced into the practice of asana I.E. the use of bandhas and short kumbhakas (breath retention, whether in or out).

In both parts I and II of Yoga Makaranda bandhas and short kumbhakas are introduced along with asana. 

Yoga Makaranda II suggests that first one would learn an asana with the appropriate bandahs and then a short, again appropriate (for that particular asana)  kumbhaka introduced,  at first for 2 seconds perhaps, which could, depending on the asana, become extended over a couple of weeks to 5 and even 10 seconds in certain asana.

from  section on Vajrasana
"It is important to do both types of Kumbhakam to get the full benefit from this asana. The total number of deep breaths should be slowly increased as practice advances from 6 to 16.
Note: When practice has advanced, instead of starting the asana from a sitting posture, it should be begun from a standing posture". p25

Note starting the asana from standing is introduced when some proficiency attained.

"In all these positions (sarvangasana variations mentioned ) pranayama is to be done with holding out of breath after exhalation. Pranayama will have therefore periods of both Anther and Bahya kumbhakam. These two periods will be equal and be for 2 or 5 seconds". p44

"In SIRSHASANA, normally no kumbhakam need be done (in the beginning), though about two seconds ANTHAR and BAHYA kumbhakam automatically result when we change over from deep inhalation to deep exhalation and vice versa. During the automatic pause, kumbhakam takes place. When after practice has advanced and kumbhakam is deliberately practised, ANTHAR kumbhakam can be done up to 5 seconds during each round and BAHYA kumbhakam up to 10 seconds.
In SARVANGASANA, there should be no deliberate practice of ANTHAR kumbhakam,

but BAHYA kumbhakam can be practiced up to 5 seconds in each round". p10-11

Yoga Makaranda Part II seems to be aimed more at the beginner, gradual introduction of kumbhaka and their length introduced. In Yoga Makaranda Part I the ideal or 'proficient' practice of  asana seems to be presented.

from paschimatanasana section Yoga makaranda part I
"While holding the feet with the hands, pull and clasp the feet tightly. Keep the head or face or nose on top of the kneecap and remain in this sthiti from 5 minutes up to half an hour. If it is not possible to stay in recaka for that long, raise the head in between, do puraka kumbhaka and then, doing recaka, place the head back down on the knee. While keeping the head lowered onto the knee, puraka kumbhaka should not be done. This rule must be followed in all asanas.

While practising this asana, however much the stomach is pulled in, there will be that much increase in the benefits received. While practising this, after exhaling the breath, hold the breath firmly". p80



NOTES on 'proficiency' from Krishnamacharya's Yoga Makaranda and yogasanagalu

from Yoga Makaranda Part II

“The practice of pranayama should not be begun without having attained, a fair proficiency in some, at least of the sitting asanas, i.e., till it has become possible to sit in one of the asanas without discomfort for some appreciable time. This condition has been stressed by Patanjali in Chapter II verse 49 of his SUTRAS. So also has Svatmarama, in his book HATHAYOGADIPIKA, second upadesa. Without mastering asanas, bandhas are not possible, and without bandhas pranayamas are not possible writes GORAKSHANATH”. p89

“1. Inhale through throat, retain and exhale through right nostril. 2. Inhale through right nostril, retain and exhale through throat. 3. Inhale through throat, retain and exhale through left nostril. Inhale through left nostril, retain and exhale through throat. The above four steps together form one round of pranayama. The above describes the pranayama with only antar kumbhakam. After this type has been practised for some time and proficiency attained, the pranayama should be practised with only bahya kumbhakam but without antar kumbhakam. Bahya kumbhakam will be after the exhalation. When practice has sufficiently progressed, the pranayama can be done with both antar and bahya kumbhakam.
The periods of kumbhakam should not be so long as to affect the normal slow, even and long and thin breathing in and breathing out. The periods of inhaling and exhaling should be as long as possible. The period of bhaya kumbhakam should be restricted to one-third the period of antar kumbhakam. It has been stated earlier that in the beginning stages the period of antar kumbhakam should not exceed six seconds. Thus in the beginning bahya kumbhakam should not exceed two seconds.
This pranayama should not be practiced without first mastering the Bandhas. Jalandhara bandha will not be possible if the region of the throat is fatty. This fat should first be reduced by practising the appropriate asanas. The following asanas help in reducing fat in the front and back of the neck.
SARVANGASANA, HALASANA, KARNAPIDASANA. For reducing the fat on the sides of the neck the following asanas should be practised. BHARADVAJASANA and ARDHA MATSYENDRASANA.
For properly doing Uddiyana bandham and Mula Bandham these should be practised while in SIRSHASANA.
The full benefits of this pranayama will result only when it is done with all the three bandhas and with both the kumbhakam.” p93

When once a fair proficiency has been attained in asana and pranayama, the aspirant to dhyana has to regulate the time to be spent on each and choose the particular asanas and pranayama which will have the most effect in strengthening the higher organs and centres of perception and thus aid him in attaining dhyana.
The best asanas to choose for this purpose are SIRSHASANA and SARVANGASANA. These are to be done with proper regulated breathing and with bandhas. The eyes should be kept closed and the eye balls rolled as if they are gazing at the space between the eyebrows. It is enough if 16 to 24 rounds of each are done at each sitting.
As DHYANA is practiced in one of the following sitting postures, these asanas should also be practiced, to strengthen the muscles that come into play in keeping these postures steady. The eyes are kept closed and the eyeballs turned internally to gaze at the space between the eyebrows. If the eyes are kept open, the gaze is directed to the tip of the nose. It is enough if 12 rounds of each asana is done”. p109

When necessary proficiency has been attained in doing the above asanas and pranayama the next step of practicing YONIMUDRA may be begun”. p110

“Practice of PRANAYAMA is to be begun only after two months, by which time we may expect sufficient proficiency to have been reached in doing the asanas”. p137

from Yogasanagalu

“Most important asanas shirshasana, sarvangasana, mayurasana, paschimatanasana and baddha padmasana must be practiced daily without failure.

Other asanas are practiced according to their convenience as people become proficient”.

“Those who are not proficient in yogasana  will not be able to get expertise in pranayama”.

“Some people can get proficient in some yoganga asanas very quickly.  For others it may take longer.  One need not get discouraged.”

A handwritten copy of a sample Practice (for Diabetes) by T Krishnamacharya PLUS Krishnamacharya did speak (some) English

I shared practice sheet from ever generous Paul Harvey ( on fb yesterday and was asked a question about Krishnamacharya's English.

"A handwritten copy of a sample Practice by T Krishnamacharya for a student with diabetes.
It was shared with me by TKV Desikachar from his father’s teaching files.
Follow link to download or view this practice as a PDF"
David Hurwitz pointed out that in Yoga Yajnavalkya Ch. IV 35-46 Visvodara is situated in the middle of the belly. .

Note: I'm guessing the fourth asana down is pindasana

For more of Krishnamacharya's practices see his Emergence of Yoga by his third son TK Sribhashyam

from Emergence of Yoga by Krishnamacharya's 3rd son TK Sribhashyam

Did Krishnamacharya speak (any) English

As it happens he sees to have spoken a little. I came across my notes from reading  a Namarupa article which interviewed Richard Schechner , he studied with Krishnamacharya, the lessons conducted in English.
here's my original post

Namarupa : Richard Schechner's notebook on his studies with Krishanamacharya

and my notes on reading the article...

Notes from Namarupa 115 article

K taught him in an English which sounded very clear yet very terse, as when he had Richard hold a pose and told him something like, “Keep mind fixed on the god.” p4

When he studied with K in Madras (Chennai), it was just for about 4 weeks. He would go to K’s house in Madras, 4 or 5 times a week, and they would work in a private room for more than an hour at a time. K said this was the first part in a full course of study that would comprise 7 stages.

At the end of these 4 weeks of study, when Richard was about to leave Madras, K invited him to return to India again to continue to the second course, and Richard said he told K he’d be back. “That’s what they all say,” K responded (to paraphrase). In the end, Richard did not return.

But Richard said that to his surprise, even after just a month’s study, K told him he could teach others what he had learned. However, he said that it should be taught one on one, or at the most he should teach two at a time. p4

my practice of pranayama permanently changed the way I breathe. p5

Richard said that when he asked K if this was an acceptable way of lying down, K said no, he should lie on his back, legs extended and arms at his side. Furthermore, K told him not to lie with palms up or legs wide apart, which he said was not good. He instead had him lie with palms down and feet together (as in tadaka mudra), which he said was better for the blood flow. p6

Richard said K’s teaching methodology consisted of 4 steps. First, he would demonstrate. Then he would dictate the steps verbally and Richard would take notes and/or draw a picture. Then K had

Richard do it while he dictated the steps. Lastly, Richard would do it on his own and K would watch without dictating.

K said to practice for only 45 minutes to an hour; longer was not good for the organs.
Richard asked K early on (1st meeting) what yoga was. K laughed and said they could get to that next time. Richard said he kept asking K, and eventually K gave him a vedantic interpretation: union of the soul with God.

For years, he has been sharing what K taught him, with performers. He often leads long workshops, and the asanas and breathing exercises p7

So, it was through them, and maybe some people at Kalakshetra too— I don’t remember who— that I got introduced to Krishnamarcharya. I went to meet him. He interviewed the people who wanted to study with him. Joan went with me. We talked with K. I don’t know how he interviewed others. With me, he met me, he asked a few questions such as why did I want to study yoga, he looked me over with his very wide but gentle eyes. After not very long, he said he would accept me as a student. I had no idea who he was, beyond a yoga teacher. I didn’t know then that he was the yoga teacher, the great Krishnamarcharya. He was simply a teacher I found by asking. He was the teacher people sent me to. p10

The drawings are mine, but the words are his, in his own very particular way of speaking English: “Sit on soft mat, face east, pray God. Stretch both legs forward. Toes, heels, knees together. Do not bend knees, while with hissing sound in throat pit, go over head both arms, turning palms up.”

“Interlock fingers, turn hands upwards, tight fingers, straight elbows. If possible, shoulders joined with ears. Erect spine. “Chin down between two collar bones. Eyes and mouth closed,” I mean, I can hear him saying these things. p12

“Expand chest, spread shoulders, chin down against chest. Keep chin like log”— I like that one— “Repeat 6 exhalations, inhalations with hissing sound. Lie down flat, rest 1 minute.”

“Must keep lower, middle, upper portions of body like a stick. Lower is buttocks, rectum, thighs, knees, legs, ankles, feet and toes. Middle is shoulders, arms, elbows, wrists, hands, fingers, chest, stomach, gut and genitals. Upper is neck, face and head. Throat pit: place at the bottom of throat where the two collar bones join. Constriction of inside of throat at that point produces hissing sound. Stick pose is very good for reducing fat, for tonsil complaints, to free circulation and respiration and pain in joints.” p12

And then he ends with telling about the “hints” and what yoga is based on. “These poses you should practice continually.” In other words, by that he meant don’t begin one without the other. Like the shoulder stand, the headstand and the body twist, always do them [sequentially].... “Hints: Do not practice with loaded stomach. Do not exhale/inhale with force. Do not speak in the middle of an exercise.” [laughter] “Should not be practiced in the open air.” That was really striking to me.

“Breath comes short, breath whistles, much dust.” Of course, that’s India. “No smoking. Do not eat too much chili.” And then, “Yoga is based God, mind, soul, breath, restricted diet.” And then he said it [again as] “Restricted diet, soul, mind, God.” p14

His first question to me: ‘What do you want?’”

when he’s telling me the L-form, the urdhva prasarita padasana, the up-stretched foot, then, “When I finished it, Krishnamacharya tells me, ‘Do not do this exercise fast.’ He shows how many people do it fast. ‘This is very harmful to internal organs. After few years, liver, stomach, bladder, other organs all out of shape.’

Leslie: And here, this is interesting. He had something under your head.

Richard: Oh yes, he always had something under my head at that point, for the lying postures. I still use that.

Leslie: But it makes your chin tuck more.

Richard: Yeah, that’s the point. He wanted my chin down.

Leslie: These days, people put things under the shoulders to take pressure off the neck. [To Eddie and

Daniel] He’s got him in dvipada pitham here, with something under the head.

Richard: I always put something under the head, still. I put a little yoga brick or roll up a towel, or my shoe, to keep my chin down. You don’t advise that?

Leslie: This is classical form. Jalandhara bandha is really the first bandha you learn. p14

RICHARD: I’ve always found yoga to be like sailing a ship. You’re looking at an island out there, and then you reach it and you realize there’s more sea on the other side. It’s always infinite. So, in my own mind, my infinite challenge is to inhale forever— or exhale forever. You know, to extend the breath. p15

Leslie: So, when he said 7 levels, the implication was that there were 7, sort of, sequences? That you learn each one as a unit, and progress through them as he teaches you? Or, when he said 7, was it this model [points to diagram in the notebook, with concentric circles].

Richard: Yeah, here are circles. Well, I don’t know, but here I see that’s also 7. So, let me see what he said here... “December. Today is the end of the
lesson, which that day was effective but very short, less than half an hour, I asked K again about the meaning of the word yoga. He laughed again, as though all this curiosity of mine was very funny. I was sitting and he was standing, and he began moving around rapidly, almost dancing. Today again, for the first time in a few weeks, he started grinning, giving me again Sanskrit names for exercises. He explained that yoga meant union with the supreme God, but that there were circles of yoga. Outer body, internal body, senses, mind, breath, soul and supreme God. ‘A man cannot control the world but he can control his body. The way to be supreme God, your God, is inward.’ When I numbered the circles from outside in, he corrected me, ‘No, supreme God is the first circle’”— See [points to diagram], I started numbering them the wrong way— “‘then the soul, the breath, the mind, the senses, the internal physical body and the outer physical body.’ p15

See, now we are doing the headstand in the lotus, which I sometimes do. I find that a real pleasurable accomplishment. To do the lotus headstand, then to bring my folded legs down to my belly, and lift up again.

Here he starts pranayama: “prana: breath, life / (a)yama: long.” p15

Leslie: So, that’s your thing with the infinite breath, of that breath that never reaches its end; that’s ayama. p16

Richard: Oh, wow. Wow. [continues further ahead in notes] So, now he’s giving variations of headstands and shoulder stands. I didn’t realize how much. Oh, the kneeling pose. And then he give me my mantra.

Leslie: But what I will say is that you’re still practicing exactly what Krishnamarcharya taught you.

Richard: Absolutely.

Leslie: No, but there was the thought of what we leave once we’re gone, what remains of us—

Richard: Is our students.

Leslie: Is our students.

Richard: Yeah. I mean, these documents also remain, but basically what remains is our students. And that can fetch back very far. I sometimes, in a class, say, okay, let’s say you’re fifty. You are in your vital time. Or, fifty-five. And you teach something really important to a five-year-old. And that five-year- old remembers it. And when that five- year-old gets to be fifty-five, she teaches it to a five-year-old. How far back can this class reach? So, it goes 2000, 1950, 1900, 1850. You know, it takes
twenty people to get back a thousand years. And I said, isn’t possible that if something is really remembered, you really found it important and you really teach it, that it’ll be passed on intact? It’ll be somewhat changed, but it won’t change that
much. So, we can reach back quite far into human knowledge history by means of oral transmission. And I believe that. So, I don’t know, I’m not a historian in yoga, but it seems to me that yoga is one of those practices, at least as I learned it. Krinamachrya was very precise. Now, I know that in oral tradition there are always variations. As you say, Iyengar went and developed his own. And I’ve taken this sequence, and when I teach it, I teach it not in the order he taught it to me but in a different order. I do the standing poses first... I do the seated poses last. And I don’t know why I decided to do that. I’m more comfortable with it, so I do it. I do it as he taught it, but I do it in a different order. So, I know that there are all these variations, but at the same time there’s a core that remains consistent, and I think that’s really important. And, you know, I know people think it’s threatened by all this digital stuff. I’m not of that opinion. I think the digital stuff, like print before, will coexist. I don’t see a great diminishment in people wanting a face-to-face. Especially when it’s something important.

Eddie: That was an amazing thing you just said about someone when they reach fifty-five telling another five-year-old. And that means to go back a thousand years you only need, twenty people.
Richard: Twenty, exactly.

Leslie: Twenty people exactly.

Richard: It’s a thousand years! Eddie: So, if the Patanjali Yoga Sutras, theoretically, were written, say 2,500 years ago, we only need fifty people to keep that link of teaching alive, and that’s like nothing. Fifty.

Richard: You could play that chain game and say, “Really remember this sentence!” And... it could be remembered. Leslie: Well, in the gurukula system it’s really close to that, because you have someone presumably in their fifties teaching seven-year-olds who come into the system at around that age.

Richard: Right.

Eddie: It’s so great, because people, so many people doubt, “Well, okay, 2,500 years, 5,000 years, is that really what he was talking about?” But if you put it in your model— I need fifty people to remember— well, yeah. p17

“November 18, 8:30.” So, I studied with him early in the morning. “K tells me that he thinks I will be able to complete one course in the time here. ‘There are seven courses to yoga,’ he says p20
Also, I think he expects, or at least knows, that I will teach what I learn. During an exercise this morning, he tells me that the exercise is good ‘for backache,’ in a way that recognizes that I will tell others so.” So, by that time, I was recognizing that this is what he was doing.
We met in a upper floor which was quite bright and airy, early in the morning. I would get up at 6orso.Mylessonwas7:30or8,foran hour or so. But I don’t remember much about the household except that it was a household. There were people there. It was not a school, it was a house, and he had this room where he taught— or, where he taught me, at least.

Oh, now, here’s something very interesting, I’ll read this. He’s giving me the tree pose. “K says, ‘When wind moves a tree, it moves this way, that way, backwards, forwards. Your body depends on your breath and moves all ways.’ Later, he says there are 12, maybe 18, variations of the tree pose.
Of the tree pose, ‘If a very short man practices this 6 months, his height will grow, but only with the inhale-exhale system. I wonder if this system is exclusively his. He tells me not to practice more than 45 minutes at a time. This includes few minutes rest in middle. ‘Yoga is mental, spiritual, not wrestling.’ He says, ‘Too many people battle and torture their way through yoga, go too fast.’ He is happy I take the time to breathe.

‘Too many people battle and torture their way through yoga, go too fast.’ p22

Later, he tells me how to organize my yoga notes for teaching. ‘Each section, yes, standing positions, laying positions, jumping, sitting positions, face up positions, face down.’ But for now, I must keep this book as it is, chronologically.” p22

“K tells me at the end it is all right for two to practice yoga together, they can learn from each other, but no more than two at a time. Again, he mentions me teaching. He says he doesn’t know how I can learn what I need in such a short stay. I tell him I will return for more study. He is sitting, getting ready for the final prayer. He laughs. ‘They all say they will return, yes, yes.’ He gets up. I start to dress. Then, he remembers he has forgotten the final prayer. This really amuses him. As I leave, he tells me again not to practice fast with jerks or for too long a time at a stretch. ‘No more than an hour.’ And as I get on my bike, he, as usual, is cooing and playing with his little, beautiful grandson.” p24

He is nice boy but his mind is very—’ K shakes and dances his head back and forth. ‘He comes and says he can stay for six months. I work out a whole program for him, and after two months, he says, ‘I have to leave.’ He goes to see his father or something. p25

He tells me to remind him to show me
headstand starting tomorrow. He tells me never to do more than 40 minutes of yoga”— he’s always worried I’m going to do too much— “

He shows me how to breathe more easily from the throat pit. He is glad my breath is coming longer.

He will teach me breathing exercises and some contemplation.
Going over the materials brought 1971 back again, clear as crystal. And K along with it all, his eyes, his delicate way of moving, his strength, his humanity. And the love and respect you and the others have. A great gift.”p25


See this old post

What was it like to Study Ashtanga Vinyasa Yoga with Krishnamacharya?


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from Kalama sutra, translation from the Pali by Bhikkhu Bodhi

from Kalama sutra, translation from the Pali by Bhikkhu Bodhi This blog included. "So, as I said, Kalamas: 'Don't go by reports, by legends, by traditions, by scripture, by logical conjecture, by inference, by analogies, by agreement through pondering views, by probability, or by the thought, "This contemplative is our teacher." When you know for yourselves that, "These qualities are unskillful; these qualities are blameworthy; these qualities are criticized by the wise; these qualities, when adopted & carried out, lead to harm & to suffering" — then you should abandon them.' Thus was it said. And in reference to this was it said.

"Now, Kalamas, don't go by reports, by legends, by traditions, by scripture, by logical conjecture, by inference, by analogies, by agreement through pondering views, by probability, or by the thought, 'This contemplative is our teacher.' When you know for yourselves that, 'These qualities are skillful; these qualities are blameless; these qualities are praised by the wise; these qualities, when adopted & carried out, lead to welfare & to happiness' — then you should enter & remain in them. Buddha - Kalama Sutta


%Arabica ((% includes theory (OA) . Richard freeman Workshop 10 second exhalation 10 second inhalation 10 second inhale 10-15 second inhalation/ exhalation 100 years of beatitude 1008 108 dropbacks 108 dropbacks. 108 sun salutations 2000 asana 21 Things to know before starting an ashtanga practice 21st century yoga 2nd series 2nd series list 3rd edition Vinyasa Krama Practice Book 3rd series 4th series 5% theory 80 rounds Pranayama 95% practice 99%practice 1% theory < manju A. G. Mohan A.G. Mohhan Abernathy butter aches and pains Achieving full lotus. acro yoga adhomukha padmasana Adi Shankara Adjusting Adjusting postures. 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